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Do' s and Don' ts of Burn Injury

Submitted By: Jeff Clark in Health Tips category

Minor burns are the most regular burns that you will come across. They are not so difficult to get treated. These burns can also get better on their own. Complicated dressings or antibiotics are not required. However, you must keep in mind some do' s and don' ts of burn injury to make sure that it does’nt get worse. You must make the injured patient comfortable and keep the wound clean.

Burn injury not only happens due to fire, it can also be caused by electric shock, chemicals, radiation, friction, etc. This kind of injury is identified in degrees.

Types of Burn Injuries

Burn injuries are classified into 3 types depending on the extent of injury.

  • First Degree: Skin epidermis is involved that causes pain and redness

  • Second Degree: Dermis is involved. It extends to the layer below the epidermis which causes pain, and blisters that may emerge. Blisters are hallmark of 2nd degree burns.

  • Third Degree: Some deep tissues like muscles and bones are involved in 3rd degree. The burn site appears pale, or leathery. There is generally no sensation in the area as the nerve endings are damaged.

Do' s and Don' ts of Burn Injury to Guide you towards Safety

Do' s:

  1. Make sure you stop the burning process

  2. Try to calm down the victim

  3. Plunge or run the water on the burnt surface till the victim is comfortable

  4. Cover the area which is burnt with sterile and moist cloth

  5. Always lift up the affected area above the level of heart

  6. Very badly burnt victims should be laid on a neat surface by giving leg rise.

  7. Lay the victim sideways in cases of inhalational burns like gasping patient.

  8. Seek for medical advice or care immediately

Don’ts:

  1. Make sure you don’t cover the victim with a blanket or thick cloth, except while putting off the flames.

  2. Do not remove the dressings that support the burnt surface

  3. Do not use ice cool water to cool down the burnt area. The temperature of water should be 15°C.

  4. Avoid using home remedies or any unregistered products to apply on the burnt area.

  5. Never feed orally in spite of severe thirst to a severely burnt victim

Few Other Tips

Make sure you don’t remove the burned clothing unless it comes off easily, in case if a person gets burned though fire. Ensure that the victim is free of burning materials as that will make the burns worse. Check if the person is breathing. If the victim is not breathing, ensure if the airway is open and start giving artificial respiration if required. Start CPR if you find that the victim does not have a pulse. In case if the victim is breathing, cover the burn with a moist sterile bandage or clean cloth. A victim' s fingers and toes must be separated with dry and non-adhesive bandages if they are burned. This stops the hands from combining.

Burn injuries are the worst form of injuries when it causes a lot of pain. They can also take a lot of time to heal if you don’t follow the given do' s and don' ts of burn injury. Failing to use the tips when needed can leave some scars on body physically and mentally as well.

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